4
Be

9.012
No spectrum
currently
available
No photo
currently
available

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References ordered by physical form of material analysed
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Solids analysis references
Surface analysis references
Liquids analysis references
Gases/aerosols analysis references

PHYSICAL
FORM OF
MATERIAL
LOD /
RSD
MATRIX
COMMENTS
REFERENCE
ANALYTE /
MATRIX LINES
λ (nm)
Solid
9.3 ppm / RSD 8.5% (ave.)
Soil
Mixed & compacted samples. Portable Nd:YAG laser (1064nm), passive QS. 0.3m spectrograph & IPDA. Ba, Be, Pb & Sr.
K.Y. Yamamoto, D.A. Cremers, L.E. Foster and M.J. Ferris. Detection of metals in the environment using a portable laser-induced breakdown Spectroscopy instrument. Appl. Spectrosc., 50, (1996),  222-233.
313.0 &
313.1 (doublet) / Si (288.16)
Solid
0.4 - 1.2 ppm / 2.7 - 7.1%
Soil
Comparison of spherical & cylindrical lenses, focal length, angle of incidence, time-resolved spectroscopy & temporal / spectral imaging. Nd:YAG laser (1064nm), AOTF & ICCD, 0.5m & 1.2m spectrograph & IPDA. Be, Cr, Cu, Mn, Pb & Sr.
R.A. Multari, L.E. Foster, D.A. Cremers and M.J. Ferris. Effect of sampling geometry on elemental emissions in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Appl. Spectrosc., 50, (1996), 1483-1499.
313.0/
313.1 / Al (309.27)
Surface
0.45 ng/cm2 / RSD not reported
0.5-5 μm particles on filter
Direct-filter monitoring of Be particles with cylindrical focusing lens. Nd:YAG laser (1064nm), 0.5m spectrometer & PM tube.
D.A. Cremers and L.J. Radziemski. Direct detection of beryllium on filters using the laser spark. Appl. Spectrosc., 39, (1985), 57-63.
313.042/
313.107 / not applicable
Liquid
10 ppm /
4 – 8%
Water,
Organic solvents
RSS (single pulse) & RSP (double pulse). Plasma formed within the liquid. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Be, Mg, Ca, B, Al. PMT detector.
D.A. Cremers, L.J. Radziemski and T.R. Loree. Spectrochemical analysis of liquids using the laser spark. Appl. Spectrosc,. 38, (1984), 721-729.
313.04 & 313.11 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
10 μg/m3 /
1.1%
(calculated from 1/RSD x 100%)
Aerosol in air
Sub-micron particulates, cross-flow & pneumatic-type nebulisers, standard aqueous solutions of metals,  Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), ICCD detector, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb
B.T. Fisher, H.A. Johnsen, S.G. Buckley and D.W. Hahn. Temporal gating for the optimization of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection and analysis of toxic
metals. Appl. Spectrosc., 55, (2001), 1312-1319.
313.1 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
40 μg/m3 /
3.6%
(calculated from 1/RSD x 100%)
Aerosol in air
Sub-micron particulates, cross-flow & pneumatic-type nebulisers, standard aqueous solutions of metals,  Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), ICCD detector, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb
B.T. Fisher, H.A. Johnsen, S.G. Buckley and D.W. Hahn. Temporal gating for the optimization of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection and analysis of toxic
metals. Appl. Spectrosc., 55, (2001), 1312-1319.
234.86 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
2 μg/dscm
Gaseous waste effluent
Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm). Integrated emission line peak divided by continuous background intensity level. As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb.
S.G. Buckley, H.A. Johnsen, K.R. Hencken and D.W. Hahn. Implementation of
laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a continuous emissions monitor for toxic metals. Waste Manage., 20, (2000), 455-462.
313.0 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
<0.1 μg/acm /
13%
Gas effluent
Nd:YAG laser (532 nm), IPDA detector, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, Sb.
H. Zhang, F.Y. Yueh and J.P. Singh. Laser-induced breakdown Spectroscopy as a multi-metal continuous-emission monitor. Appl. Opt., 38, (1999), 1459-1466.
313.04/
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
1 μg/acm /
12%
Gas effluent
Nd:YAG laser (532 nm), IPDA detector, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, Sb.
H. Zhang, F.Y. Yueh and J.P. Singh. Laser-induced breakdown Spectroscopy as a multi-metal continuous-emission monitor. Appl. Opt., 38, (1999), 1459-1466.
234.8 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
0.0006 ppm /
30%
Air / Aerosol
Air atmosphere at 100 – 760 Torr, Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), PMT detector & gated PDA detector.  Be, Na, P, As, Hg.
L.J. Radziemski, T.R. Loree, D.A. Cremers and N.M. Hoffman. Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of aerosols. Anal. Chem., 55, (1983), 246-1252.
313.1 /
not applicable