80
Hg

200.59
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References ordered by physical form of material analysed
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Solids analysis references
No surface analysis references
Liquids analysis references
Gases/aerosols analysis references

PHYSICAL
FORM OF
MATERIAL
LOD /
RSD
MATRIX
COMMENTS
REFERENCE
ANALYTE /
MATRIX LINES
λ (nm)
Solid
18-22 ppm
ABS polymer
Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), single & double-pulse, Paschen-Runge polychromator & PM tube. Sampled in atmospheric air. Lower LOD for stationary samples. Br, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb & Sb.
M. Stepputat and R. Noll (2003). On-line detection of heavy metals and brominated flame retardants in technical polymers with laser-induced breakdown spectrometry. Appl. Opt., 42, 6210-6220.
253.65 / zero-order signal
Solid
60 ppm
ABS polymer
Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), double-pulse, Paschen-Runge polychromator & PM tube. Sampled in atmospheric air. Higher LOD for on-line (moving) samples. Br, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb & Sb.
M. Stepputat and R. Noll (2003). On-line detection of heavy metals and brominated flame retardants in technical polymers with laser-induced breakdown spectrometry. Appl. Opt., 42, 6210-6220.
253.65 / zero-order signal
Solid
84 ppm
Soil
To be added shortly
V. Lazic, R. Barbini, F. Colao, R. Fantoni and A. Palucci. Self-absorption model in quantitative laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements on soils and sediments. Spectrochim. Acta Part B,  56, (2001),  807-820. (2001), 807-820.
253.7
Solid
19 ppm, 4.6 ppm /
RSD not reported (error 5 – 10%)
Wood
Single-shot and 20-shot measurements. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), Echelle spectrometer & ICCD camera. Al, As, B, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, K, Mg, Na, Pb, Si, Sn.
A. Uhl, K. Loebe and L. Kreuchwig Fast analysis of wood preservers using laser
Induced breakdown Spectroscopy. Spectrochim. Acta Part B,  56, (2001), 795-806.
253.652 & 435.835 /
C (247.857)
Solid
300 ppm,
647 ppm /
18, 27%
Synthetic silicate
Material pressed into pellets prior to analysis. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm). Short-range (reduced atmospheric pressure) & long-range (reduced CO2 atmosphere) single-pulse measurements.
Ba, Cr, Cu, Hg, Li, Ni, Pb, Sn, Sr.
A.K. Knight, N.L. Scherbarth, D.A. Cremers and M.J. Ferris. Characterization of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for application to space exploration. Appl. Spectrosc., 54, (2000), 331-340.
435.83 / not reported
Liquid
2.0 ppm /
Typically 12.5%
Water
Preconcentration of metal ions using ion-exchange membrane. Ba, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Ag, Pb, Hg, Ni, Zn. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm). Echelle spectrometer.
N.E. Schmidt and S.R. Goode. Analysis of aqueous solutions by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of ion exchange membranes. Appl. Spectrosc., 56, (2002), 370-374
435.8 /
not applicable
Liquid
10 ppm /
RSD not reported
Liquid evaporated on graphite
Ar gas atmosphere at 76 Torr. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm). Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Hg, Pb.
R.L. Van der Wal, T.M. Ticich, J.R. West and P.A. Householder. Trace metal detection by laser-induced breakdown Spectroscopy. Appl. Spectrosc., 53, (1999), 1226-1236.
253.65 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
230 μg/m3 /
1.8%
(calculated from 1/RSD x 100%)
Aerosol in air
Sub-micron particulates, cross-flow & pneumatic-type nebulisers, standard aqueous solutions of metals,  Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), ICCD detector, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb
B.T. Fisher, H.A. Johnsen, S.G. Buckley and D.W. Hahn. Temporal gating for the optimization of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy detection and analysis of toxic
metals. Appl. Spectrosc., 55, (2001), 1312-1319.
253.65 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
80 μg/dscm
Gaseous waste effluent
Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm). Integrated emission line peak divided by continuous background intensity level. As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb.
S.G. Buckley, H.A. Johnsen, K.R. Hencken and D.W. Hahn. Implementation of
laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy as a continuous emissions monitor for toxic metals. Waste Manage., 20, (2000), 455-462.
253.7 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
680 μg/acm /
8%
Gas effluent
Nd:YAG laser (532 nm), IPDA detector, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, Sb.
H. Zhang, F.Y. Yueh and J.P. Singh. Laser-induced breakdown Spectroscopy as a multi-metal continuous-emission monitor. Appl. Opt., 38, (1999), 1459-1466.
253.65 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
5 ppb /
RSD not reported
Vapor in air
Nd:glass laser, PRF 10 Hz, max energy per pulse 400 mJ. Spectrograph, 1 m focal length, 1200 line/mm grating, IPDA detector.
C. Lazzari, M. De Rosa, S. Rastelli, A. Ciucci, V. Palleschi and A. Salvetti. Detection of mercury in air by time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy technique. Laser Part. Beams, 12, (1994), 525-530.
253.65 /
not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
0.5 ppm /
RSD not reported
Air / Aerosol
Air atmosphere at 100 – 760 Torr, Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), PMT detector & gated PDA detector.  Be, Na, P, As, Hg.
L.J. Radziemski, T.R. Loree, D.A. Cremers and N.M. Hoffman. Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of aerosols. Anal. Chem., 55, (1983), 246-1252.
253.6 /
not applicable