15
P

30.974
No spectrum
currently
available
No photo
currently
available

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References ordered by physical form of material analysed
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Solids analysis references
No surface analysis references
No liquids analysis references
Gases/aerosols analysis references

PHYSICAL
FORM OF
MATERIAL
LOD /
RSD
MATRIX
COMMENTS
REFERENCE
ANALYTE /
MATRIX LINES
λ (nm)
Solid
36 ppm
Steel
To be added shortly
I. Radivojevic, C. Haisch, R. Niessner, S. Florek, H. Becker-Ross and U. Panne. Microanalysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in the vacuum ultraviolet. Anal. Chem., 76, (2004a), 1648-1658.
177.495
Solid
4, 22 ppm /
RSD not reported
Steel
Argon atmosphere, surface scale layers 0.1 – 1 mm thick, double-pulse Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), Paschen-Runge spectrometer with PMT detectors, Al, C, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, S, Si.
V. Sturm, J. Vrenegor, R. Noll and M. Hemmerlin. Bulk analysis of steel samples with surface scale layers by enhanced laser ablation and LIBS analysis of C, P, S, Al, Cr, Cu. Mn and Mo. J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 19, (2004), 451-456.
178.283
0th order line
Solid
280 ppm /
16%
Soil
7 Torr CO2 atmosphere, Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), vacuum spectrometer with ICCD detector, As, Br, C, Cl, P, S.
L.J. Radziemski, D.A. Cremers, K. Benelli, C. Khoo and R.D. Harris. Use of the vacuum ultraviolet spectral region for LIBS-based Martian geology and exploration. Spectrochim. Acta Part B,  60, (2005), 237-248.
178.3 /
not applicable
Solid
6 ppm
Steel
To be added shortly
M. Hemmerlin, R. Meilland, H. Falk, P. Wintzens and L. Pauleri. Application of vacuum ultraviolet laser-induced breakdown spectrometry for steel analysis-comparison with spark-optical emissions spectrometry figures of merit. Spectrochim. Acta Part B 56, (2001), 661-669.
178.287
Solid
21 ppm
Steel in air
To be added shortly
R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter and V. Sturm. Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry - applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry. Spectrochim. Acta Part B, 56, (2001), 637-649.
178.3
Solid
9 ppm / RSD not reported
Steel
Standard steel samples probed in chamber filled with Ar at atmospheric pressure. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), configured to give triple-pulse bursts. Paschen-Runge VUV spectrometer & PM detectors. C, Cr, Mn, Ni, P, S & Si.
V. Sturm, L.  Peter and R. Noll. Steel analysis with laser-induced breakdown spectrometry in the vacuum ultraviolet. Appl. Spectrosc., 54, (2000), 1275-1278.
178.28 / Fe (187.75)
Solid
25 ppm /
8-15%
Plant material
Powdered leaf samples fixed on tape. Nd:YAG laser (1064nm), 0.5m spectrograph & ICCD detector. Al, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, P, Zn.
Q. Sun, M. Tran, B.W. Smith and J.D. Winefordner. Direct determination of P, Al, Ca, Cu, Mn, Zn, Mg and Fe in plant materials by laser-induced plasma Spectroscopy. Can. J. Anal. Sci. Spectrosc., 44, (1999),  164-170.
213.6 / not applicable
Gas/Aerosol
1.2 ppm /
RSD not reported
Air / Aerosol
Air atmosphere at 100 – 760 Torr, Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), PMT detector & gated PDA detector.  Be, Na, P, As, Hg.
L.J. Radziemski, T.R. Loree, D.A. Cremers and N.M. Hoffman. Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectrometry of aerosols. Anal. Chem., 55, (1983), 246-1252.
253.3 /
not applicable