16
S

32.065
No spectrum
currently
available
No photo
currently
available

Web Elements
NIST Online
Plasus SpecLine trial version
Download spectral data
View experimental conditions

References ordered by physical form of material analysed
GO TO:
Solids analysis references
No surface analysis references
No liquids analysis references
Gases/aerosols analysis references

PHYSICAL
FORM OF
MATERIAL
LOD /
RSD
MATRIX
COMMENTS
REFERENCE
ANALYTE /
MATRIX LINES
λ (nm)
Solid
Not reported
Inorganic powder
Nd:YAG (355 nm). Czerny-Turner spectrograph with ICCD (enhanced spectral response in NIR). Mixture of pure S & Ca(NO3)2 powders pressed into pills. He atmosphere (100 mbar).
G. Asimellis, A. Giannoudakos and M. Kompitsas. New near-infrared LIBS detection technique for sulphur. Anal. Bioanal. Chem.,  385, (2006), 333-337.
869.46 / not applicable
Solid
10,300 ppm /
9%
Soil
7 Torr CO2 atmosphere, Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), vacuum spectrometer with ICCD detector, As, Br, C, Cl, P, S.
L.J. Radziemski, D.A. Cremers, K. Benelli, C. Khoo and R.D. Harris. Use of the vacuum ultraviolet spectral region for LIBS-based Martian geology and exploration. Spectrochim. Acta Part B,  60, (2005), 237-248.
180.7 /
not applicable
Solid
17,700 ppm /
30%
Soil
7 Torr CO2 atmosphere, Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), vacuum spectrometer with ICCD detector, As, Br, C, Cl, P, S.
L.J. Radziemski, D.A. Cremers, K. Benelli, C. Khoo and R.D. Harris. Use of the vacuum ultraviolet spectral region for LIBS-based Martian geology and exploration. Spectrochim. Acta Part B,  60, (2005), 237-248.
182.6 /
not applicable
Solid
1,100 ppm /
10%
Soil
7 Torr CO2 atmosphere, Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), vacuum spectrometer with ICCD detector, As, Br, C, Cl, P, S.
L.J. Radziemski, D.A. Cremers, K. Benelli, C. Khoo and R.D. Harris. Use of the vacuum ultraviolet spectral region for LIBS-based Martian geology and exploration. Spectrochim. Acta Part B,  60, (2005), 237-248.
545.4 /
not applicable
Solid
73 ppm
Steel
To be added shortly
I. Radivojevic, C. Haisch, R. Niessner, S. Florek, H. Becker-Ross and U. Panne. Microanalysis by laser-induced plasma spectroscopy in the vacuum ultraviolet. Anal. Chem., 76, (2004a), 1648-1658.
182.034
Solid
9, 19 ppm /
RSD not reported
Steel
Argon atmosphere, surface scale layers 0.1 – 1 mm thick, double-pulse Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), Paschen-Runge spectrometer with PMT detectors, Al, C, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, P, S, Si.
V. Sturm, J. Vrenegor, R. Noll and M. Hemmerlin. Bulk analysis of steel samples with surface scale layers by enhanced laser ablation and LIBS analysis of C, P, S, Al, Cr, Cu. Mn and Mo. J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 19, (2004), 451-456.
180.731 /
0th order line
Solid
4.5 ppm
Steel
To be added shortly
M. Hemmerlin, R. Meilland, H. Falk, P. Wintzens and L. Pauleri. Application of vacuum ultraviolet laser-induced breakdown spectrometry for steel analysis-comparison with spark-optical emissions spectrometry figures of merit. Spectrochim. Acta Part B, 56, (2001),  661-669.
180.731
Solid
11 ppm
Steel in air
To be added shortly
R. Noll, H. Bette, A. Brysch, M. Kraushaar, I. Monch, L. Peter and V. Sturm. Laser-induced breakdown spectrometry - applications for production control and quality assurance in the steel industry. Spectrochim. Acta Part B, 56, (2001), 637-649.
180.7
Solid
8 ppm / RSD not reported
Steel
Standard steel samples probed in chamber filled with Ar at atmospheric pressure. Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), configured to give triple-pulse bursts. Paschen-Runge VUV spectrometer & PM detectors. C, Cr, Mn, Ni, P, S & Si.
V. Sturm, L.  Peter and R. Noll. Steel analysis with laser-induced breakdown spectrometry in the vacuum ultraviolet. Appl. Spectrosc., 54, (2000), 1275-1278.
180.73 / Fe (187.75)
Solid
70 ppm
Steel
To be added shortly
A. Gonzalez, M. Ortiz and J. Campos. Determination of sulfur content in steel by laser-produced plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. Appl. Spectrosc., 49, (1995), 1632-1635.
180.7/ 182.0
Gas/aerosol
1500 ppm
Air
To be added shortly
L. Dudragne, Ph. Adam and J. Amouroux. Time-resolved laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: application for qualitative and quantitative detection of fluorine, chlorine, sulfur, and carbon in air. Appl. Spectrosc., 52, (1998), 1321-1327.
921.29